Weka CSI Plugin
This page describes the Weka CSI Plugin prerequisites, capabilities, deployment, and usage.
The Container Storage Interface (CSI) is a standard for exposing arbitrary block and file storage systems to containerized workloads on Container Orchestration Systems (COs) like Kubernetes.
The Weka CSI Plugin provides the creation and configuration of persistent storage external to Kubernetes. CSI replaces plugins developed earlier in the Kubernetes evolution. It replaces the hostPath method to expose WekaFS mounts as Kubernetes volumes.

Interoperability

  • CSI protocol: 1.0-1.2
  • Kubernetes: 1.18 - 1.2
  • WekaFS: 3.8 and up
  • AppArmor is not supported yet
Note: Quota enforcement on persistent volumes requires WekaFS version 3.13 and up

Prerequisites

  • The privileged mode must be allowed on the Kubernetes cluster
  • The following Kubernetes feature gates must be enabled: DevicePlugins, CSINodeInfo, CSIDriverRegistry, ExpandCSIVolumes (if not changed, they should be enabled by default)
  • A Weka cluster is installed and accessible from the Kubernetes worker nodes
  • The Weka client is installed on the Kubernetes worker nodes
  • Filesystems are pre-configured on the Weka system

Capabilities

Supported capabilities

  • Static and dynamic volumes provisioning
  • Mounting a volume as a WekaFS filesystem directory
  • All volume access modes are supported: ReadWriteMany, ReadWriteOnce, and ReadOnlyMany
  • Volume expansion
  • Quota enforcement on persistent volumes
Note: Quota enforcement on persistent volumes requires WekaFS version 3.13 and up. For additional information about enforcing quotas on existing persistent volumes, see the Upgrading Legacy Persistent Volumes for Capacity Enforcement section.

Unsupported capabilities

  • Snapshots

Deployment

The Weka CSI Plugin deployment can be performed with a Helm chart from the official Weka ArtifactHub repository.

Installation

On your workstation (assuming connectivity to Kubernetes cluster), add the csi-wekafs repository:
helm repo add csi-wekafs https://weka.github.io/csi-wekafs
Install the plugin by issuing the following command:
helm install csi-wekafs csi-wekafs/csi-wekafsplugin --namespace csi-wekafs --create-namespace
On successful installation the following output is provided:
Release "csi-wekafs" has been installed. Happy Helming!
NAME: csi-wekafs
LAST DEPLOYED: Tue Nov 2 15:39:01 2021
NAMESPACE: csi-wekafs
STATUS: deployed
REVISION: 10
TEST SUITE: None
NOTES:
Thank you for installing csi-wekafsplugin.
Your release is named csi-wekafs.
To learn more about the release, try:
$ helm status csi-wekafs
$ helm get all csi-wekafs
Official Weka CSI Plugin documentation can be found here: https://docs.weka.io/appendix/weka-csi-plugin

Upgrade

Clean up a direct deployment of CSI driver

Note: Upgrading a plugin deployed directly (via deploy.sh script) is not supported. This section describes the procedure to clean up the existing CSI plugin components. After cleanup, proceed to the Installation section.
If the previous version was installed using Helm, you can safely skip this section.
Download the csi-wekafs git repository
git clone https://github.com/weka/csi-wekafs.git --branch v0.6.6 --single-branch
Assuming connectivity to the Kubernetes cluster is valid, run the following script to remove the CSI driver components:
$REPO_ROOT/deploy/kubernetes-latest/cleanup.sh

Upgrade an existing helm release

Note: If you plan to upgrade existing Weka CSI Plugin deployment and enable directory quota enforcement for already existing volumes, please refer to the Binding Legacy Volumes to API section.
If not yet configured, add the Helm repository as defined in the Installation section.
Execute the following command:
helm upgrade --install csi-wekafs --namespace csi-wekafs csi-wekafs/csi-wekafsplugin
A successful upgrade provides the following output:
Release "csi-wekafs" has been upgraded. Happy Helming!
NAME: csi-wekafs
LAST DEPLOYED: Tue Nov 2 15:39:01 2021
NAMESPACE: csi-wekafs
STATUS: deployed
REVISION: 10
TEST SUITE: None
NOTES:
Thank you for installing csi-wekafsplugin.
Your release is named csi-wekafs.
To learn more about the release, try:
$ helm status csi-wekafs
$ helm get all csi-wekafs
Official Weka CSI Plugin documentation can be found here: https://docs.weka.io/appendix/weka-csi-plugin

CSI plugin and WekaFS cluster software upgrade

The CSI Plugin fetches the WekaFS cluster capabilities during the first login to the API endpoint and caches it throughout the login refresh token validity period, to improve the efficiency and performance of the plugin.
However, the WekaFS cluster upgrade might come unnoticed if performed during this time window, continuing to provision new volumes in legacy mode.
To expedite the update of the Weka cluster capabilities, it is recommended to delete all the CSI Plugin pods, to invalidate the cache. The pods will then be restarted.
kubectl delete pod -n csi-wekafs -lapp=csi-wekafs-controller
kubectl delete pod -n csi-wekafs -lapp=csi-wekafs-node

Storage class configuration

The Weka CSI Plugin supports both dynamic (persistent volume claim) and static (persistent volume) volume provisioning. For provisioning either type of a persistent volume, a Storage Class must exist in Kubernetes deployment that matches the Weka cluster configuration.
In the Legacy communication model, the Weka CSI Plugin does not communicate with the Weka cluster via API and solely relies on in-band communication via the data plane. This configuration does not provide extended configuration abilities.
In the API-Based communication model, the Weka CSI Plugin communicates with the Weka cluster using REST API, leveraging this integration to provide extended abilities, such as strict enforcement of volume capacity usage via integration with WekaFS directory quota functionality.
Note: Only the API-Based communication model is maintained and enhanced with new capabilities. If you are running the legacy CSI plugin, it is advisable to replace it with the API-Based one.

Legacy communication model

This model assumes no API connectivity to the Weka cluster. As a result, the functionality provided by the Weka CSI Plugin is limited.
Note: This section refers to the configuration of the CSI plugin prior to version v0.7.0
Although this configuration is supported in version 0.7.0 and up, the user is encouraged to upgrade any existing deployment of the Weka CSI Plugin to the API-based model
It is first required to define a storage class to use the Weka CSI Plugin.

Storage class example

csi-wekafs/examples/dynamic/storageclass-wekafs-dir.yaml
apiVersion: storage.k8s.io/v1
kind: StorageClass
metadata:
name: storageclass-wekafs-dir
provisioner: csi.weka.io
reclaimPolicy: Delete
volumeBindingMode: Immediate
allowVolumeExpansion: true
parameters:
volumeType: dir/v1
filesystemName: podsFilesystem

Storage class parameters

Parameter
Description
Limitations
filesystemName
The name of the Weka filesystem to create directories in as Kubernetes volumes
The filesystem should exist in the Weka cluster
Apply the StorageClass and check it has been created successfully:
# apply the storageclass .yaml file
$ kubectl apply -f storageclass-wekafs-dir.yaml
storageclass.storage.k8s.io/storageclass-wekafs-dir created
# check the storageclass resource has been created
$ kubectl get sc
NAME PROVISIONER RECLAIMPOLICY VOLUMEBINDINGMODE ALLOWVOLUMEEXPANSION AGE
storageclass-wekafs-dir csi.weka.io Delete Immediate true 75s
It is possible to define multiple storage classes with different filesystems.

API-based communication model

In the API-based model, the API endpoint addresses and authentication credentials must be provided to the Weka CSI Plugin in order to establish a REST API connection with the Weka cluster and perform configuration tasks on it.
The information is stored securely in Kubernetes secret, which is, in turn, referred to by the Storage Class.
Note: This section refers to the configuration of CSI plugin version v0.7.0 and up.
Note: Directory quota integration requires WekaFS software version v3.13.0 and up.
Note: Authenticated mounts for filesystems set with auth-required=true, and filesystems in the non-root organization, require WekaFS software version v3.14.0 and up.
Note: It is recommended to deploy the CSI plugin in API-Based communication model even if the Weka cluster is below version v3.13.0
Volumes provisioned using the API-Based model on older Weka clusters, do not support capacity enforcement, and are still considered "Legacy". However, they can be easily upgraded to capacity enforcement capabilities after the Weka cluster upgrade.

Secret data example

csi-wekafs/examples/dynamic_api/csi-wekafs-api-secret.yaml
apiVersion: v1
kind: Secret
metadata:
name: csi-wekafs-api-secret
namespace: csi-wekafs
type: Opaque
data:
username: Y3Np
password: TXlBd2Vzb21lUGFzc3dvcmQ=
organization: Um9vdA==
endpoints: MTcyLjMxLjE1LjExMzoxNDAwMCwxNzIuMzEuMTIuOTE6MTQwMDA=
scheme: aHR0cA==

Secret data parameters

Note: Make sure that all data is base64-encoded when creating a secret.
Key
Description
Notes
username
The user name for API access to the Weka cluster, in base64 encoding.
Must have at least read-write permissions in the organization. It is recommended to create a separate user with admin privileges for the CSI plugin
password
The user password for API access to the Weka cluster, in base64 encoding.
organization
The Weka organization name for the user, in base64 encoding (use Root if you only have one organization).
Multiple secrets may be used to provide access to multiple organizations, which in turn will be specified in different storage classes
scheme
The URL scheme used to commnicate with the Weka cluster API.
http or https can be used. The user must ensure that the Weka cluster was configured to use the same connection scheme.
endpoints
Comma-separated list of endpoints consisting of IP address and port, e.g.
172.31.15.113:14000,172.31.12.91:14000
The management IP addresses of at least 2 backend hosts should be provided for redundancy.
Apply the Secret and check it has been created successfully:
# apply the secret .yaml file
$ kubectl apply -f csi-wekafs-api-secret.yaml
# Check the secret was successfully created
$ kubectl get secret csi-wekafs-api-secret -n csi-wekafs
NAME TYPE DATA AGE
csi-wekafs-api-secret Opaque 5 7m
Note: To provision CSI volumes on filesystem residing in non-root organizations, or filesystems set with auth-required=true, CSI plugin of version 0.7.4 or higher is required, as well as Weka software of version 3.14 or higher

Storage class example

csi-wekafs/examples/dynamic_api/storageclass-wekafs-dir-api.yaml
apiVersion: storage.k8s.io/v1
kind: StorageClass
metadata:
name: storageclass-wekafs-dir-api
provisioner: csi.weka.io
reclaimPolicy: Delete
volumeBindingMode: Immediate
allowVolumeExpansion: true
parameters:
volumeType: dir/v1
filesystemName: default
capacityEnforcement: HARD
# optional parameters setting UID, GID and permissions on volume
# UID of the volume owner, default 0 (root)
#ownerUid: "1000"
# GID of the volume owner, default 0 (root)
#ownerGid: "1000"
# permissions in Unix octal format, default "0750"
#permissions: "0775"
# name of the secret that stores API credentials for a cluster
# change the name of secret to match secret of a particular cluster (if you have several Weka clusters)
csi.storage.k8s.io/provisioner-secret-name: &secretName csi-wekafs-api-secret
# change the name of the namespace in which the cluster API credentials
csi.storage.k8s.io/provisioner-secret-namespace: &secretNamespace csi-wekafs
# do not change anything below this line, or set to same parameters as above
csi.storage.k8s.io/controller-publish-secret-name: *secretName
csi.storage.k8s.io/controller-publish-secret-namespace: *secretNamespace
csi.storage.k8s.io/controller-expand-secret-name: *secretName
csi.storage.k8s.io/controller-expand-secret-namespace: *secretNamespace
csi.storage.k8s.io/node-stage-secret-name: *secretName
csi.storage.k8s.io/node-stage-secret-namespace: *secretNamespace
csi.storage.k8s.io/node-publish-secret-name: *secretName
csi.storage.k8s.io/node-publish-secret-namespace: *secretNamespace

Storage class parameters

Parameter
Description
filesystemName
The name of the Weka filesystem to create directories in as Kubernetes volumes.
  • The filesystem must exist on the Weka cluster
  • The filesystem may not be defined as "authenticated"
capacityEnforcement
Can be HARD or SOFT
  • HARD: strictly enforce quota and deny any write operation to the persistent volume consumer until space is freed up
  • SOFT: do not strictly enforce the quota, but create an alert on the Weka cluster
ownerUid
Effective User ID of the owner user for the provisioned CSI volume. Might be required for application deployments running under non-root accounts. Defaults to 0
ownerGid
Effective Group ID of the owner user for the provisioned CSI volume. Might be required for application deployments running under non-root accounts. Defaults to 0
permissions
Unix permissions for the provisioned volume root directory, in octal format. Must be set in quotes. Defaults to "0775"
csi.storage.k8s.io/provisioner-secret-name
Name of the K8s secret, e.g. csi-wekafs-api-secret
It is recommended to use an anchor definition in order to avoid mistakes since the same value has to be entered in additional fields below, according to the CSI spec definitions. Refer to the example above for exact formatting.
csi.storage.k8s.io/provisioner-secret-namespace
The namespace the secret is located in.
The secret does not have to be located in the same namespace as the CSI plugin is installed.
It is recommended using an anchor definition in order to avoid mistakes since the same value has to be entered in additional fields below, accordings to the CSI spec definitions. Refer to the example above for exact formatting.
Apply the StorageClass and check it has been created successfully:
# apply the storageclass .yaml file
$ kubectl apply -f storageclass-wekafs-dir.yaml
storageclass.storage.k8s.io/storageclass-wekafs-dir created
# check the storageclass resource has been created successfully
$ kubectl get sc
NAME PROVISIONER RECLAIMPOLICY VOLUMEBINDINGMODE ALLOWVOLUMEEXPANSION AGE
storageclass-wekafs-dir csi.weka.io Delete Immediate true 75s
  • It is possible to define multiple storage classes with different filesystems.
  • The same secret may be reused for multiple storage classes, as long as credentials are valid to access the filesystem
  • Several secrets may be used, e.g., for different organizations on the same Weka cluster, or for different Weka clusters spanning across the same Kubernetes cluster
Note: Multiple weka cluster connections from the same Kubernetes node are not supported in the current release of Weka software.
However, different Kubernetes nodes within the same cluster (e.g., in different regions or availability zones) can be connected to different Weka clusters. In such a case, provided that the Weka CSI plugin can access the Weka cluster REST API, a single CSI plugin instance can orchestrate persistent volume provisioning on multiple clusters.

Provision usage

Dynamic provisioning

Using a similar storage class to the above, it is possible to define a persistent volume claim (PVC) for the pods.

Persistent volume claim example

csi-wekafs/examples/dynamic/pvc-wekafs-dir.yaml
apiVersion: v1
kind: PersistentVolumeClaim
metadata:
name: pvc-wekafs-dir
spec:
accessModes:
- ReadWriteMany
storageClassName: storageclass-wekafs-dir
volumeMode: Filesystem
resources:
requests:
storage: 1Gi

Persistent volume claim parameters

Parameter
Description
Limitations
spec.accessModes
The volume access mode
ReadWriteMany, ReadWriteOnce, or ReadOnlyMany
spec.storageClassName
The storage class to use to create the PVC
Must be an existing storage class
spec.resources.requests.storage
A desired capacity for the volume
The capacity quota is not enforced but is stored on the filesystem directory extended attributed for future use
Apply the PersistentVolumeClaim and check it has been created successfully:
# apply the pvc .yaml file
$ kubectl apply -f pvc-wekafs-dir.yaml
persistentvolumeclaim/pvc-wekafs-dir created
# check the pvc resource has been created
$ kubectl get pvc
NAME STATUS VOLUME CAPACITY ACCESS MODES STORAGECLASS AGE
pvc-wekafs-dir Bound pvc-d00ba0fe-04a0-4916-8fea-ddbbc8f43380 1Gi RWX storageclass-wekafs-dir 2m10s
Note: The directory will be created inside the filesystem under csi-volumes directory, starting with the volume name.

Static provisioning

The Kubernetes admin can prepare some persistent volumes in advance to be used by pods, they should be an existing directory, and can contain pre-populated data to be used by the PODs.
It can be a directory previously provisioned by the CSI or a pre-existing directory in WekaFS. To expose an existing directory in WekaFS via CSI, define a persistent volume, and link a persistent volume claim to this persistent volume.

Persistent volume example

csi-wekafs/examples/static/pv-wekafs-dir-static.yaml
apiVersion: v1
kind: PersistentVolume
metadata:
name: pv-wekafs-dir-static
spec:
storageClassName: storageclass-wekafs-dir
accessModes:
- ReadWriteMany
persistentVolumeReclaimPolicy: Retain
volumeMode: Filesystem
capacity:
storage: 1Gi
csi:
driver: csi.weka.io
# volumeHandle must be formatted as following:
# dir/v1/<FILE_SYSTEM_NAME>/<INNER_PATH_IN_FILESYSTEM>
# The path must exist, otherwise publish request will fail
volumeHandle: dir/v1/podsFilesystem/my-dir

Persistent volume parameters

Parameter
Description
Limitations
spec.accessModes
The volume access mode
ReadWriteMany, ReadWriteOnce, or ReadOnlyMany
spec.storageClassName
The storage class to use to create the PV
Must be an existing storage class
spec.capacity.storage
A desired capacity for the volume
The capacity quota is not enforced but is stored on the filesystem directory extended attributed for future use
spec.csi.volumeHandle
A string specifying a previously created path
A string containing the volumeType (dir/v1) filesystem name, and the directory path. E.g. dir/v1/podsFilesystem/my-dir
Must be an existing filesystem and path
Apply the PersistentVolume and check it has been created successfully:
# apply the pv .yaml file
$ kubectl apply -f pv-wekafs-dir-static.yaml
persistentvolume/pv-wekafs-dir-static created
# check the pv resource has been created
$ kubectl get pv
NAME CAPACITY ACCESS MODES RECLAIM POLICY STATUS CLAIM STORAGECLASS REASON AGE
pv-wekafs-dir-static 1Gi RWX Retain Available storageclass-wekafs-dir 3m33s
Now, bind a PVC to this specific PV, use the volumeName parameter under the PVC spec and provide it with the specific PV name.

Persistent volume claim for static provisioning example

csi-wekafs/examples/static/pvc-wekafs-dir-static.yaml
apiVersion: v1
kind: PersistentVolumeClaim
metadata:
name: pvc-wekafs-dir-static
spec:
accessModes:
- ReadWriteMany
storageClassName: storageclass-wekafs-dir
volumeName: pv-wekafs-dir-static
volumeMode: Filesystem
resources:
requests:
storage: 1Gi

Persistent volume claim for static provisioning example

Parameter
Description
Limitations
spec.accessModes
The volume access mode
ReadWriteMany, ReadWriteOnce, or ReadOnlyMany
spec.storageClassName
The storage class to use to create the PVC
Must be the same storage class as the PV requested to bind in spec.volumeName
spec.resources.requests.storage
A desired capacity for the volume
The capacity quota is not enforced but is stored on the filesystem directory extended attributed for future use
spec.volumeName
A name of a pre-configured persistent volume
Must be an existing PV name
Apply the PersistentVolumeClaim and check it has been created successfully:
# apply the pvc .yaml file
$ kubectl apply -f pvc-wekafs-dir-static.yaml
persistentvolumeclaim/pvc-wekafs-dir-static created
# check the pvc resource has been created
$ kubectl get pvc
NAME STATUS VOLUME CAPACITY ACCESS MODES STORAGECLASS AGE
pvc-wekafs-dir-static Bound pv-wekafs-dir-static 1Gi RWX storageclass-wekafs-dir 3m41s
The PV will change the status to Bound and state the relevant claim it is bounded to:
# check the pv resource has been created
$ kubectl get pv
NAME CAPACITY ACCESS MODES RECLAIM POLICY STATUS CLAIM STORAGECLASS REASON AGE
pv-wekafs-dir-static 1Gi RWX Retain Bound default/pvc-wekafs-dir-static storageclass-wekafs-dir 6m30s

Launch an application using Weka as the POD's storage

Now that we have a storage class and a PVC in place, we can configure the Kubernetes pods to provision volumes via the Weka system.
We'll take an example application that echos the current timestamp every 10 seconds, and provide it with the previously created pvc-wekafs-dir PVC.
Note that multiple pods can share a volume produced by the same PVC as long as the accessModes parameter is set to ReadWriteMany.
csi-wekafs/examples/dynamic/csi-app-on-dir.yaml
kind: Pod
apiVersion: v1
metadata:
name: my-csi-app
spec:
containers:
- name: my-frontend
image: busybox
volumeMounts:
- mountPath: "/data"
name: my-csi-volume
command: ["/bin/sh"]
args: ["-c", "while true; do echo `date` >> /data/temp.txt; sleep 10;done"]
volumes:
- name: my-csi-volume
persistentVolumeClaim:
claimName: pvc-wekafs-dir # defined in pvc-wekafs-dir.yaml
Apply that pod:
$ kubectl apply -f csi-app-on-dir.yaml
pod/my-csi-app created
Kubernetes will allocate a persistent volume and attach it to the pod, it will use a directory within the WekaFS filesystem as defined in the storage class mentioned in the persistent volume claim. The pod will be in Running status, and the temp.txt file will get updated with occasional date information.
$ kubectl get pod my-csi-app
NAME READY STATUS RESTARTS AGE
my-csi-app 1/1 Running 0 85s
# if we go to a wekafs mount of this filesystem we can see a directory has been created
$ ls -l /mnt/weka/podsFilesystem/csi-volumes
drwxr-x--- 1 root root 0 Jul 19 12:18 pvc-d00ba0fe-04a0-4916-8fea-ddbbc8f43380-a1659c8a7ded3c3c05d6facffd69cbf79b95604c
# inside that directory, the temp.txt file from the running pod can be found
$ cat /mnt/weka/podsFilesystem/csi-volumes/pvc-d00ba0fe-04a0-4916-8fea-ddbbc8f43380-a1659c8a7ded3c3c05d6facffd69cbf79b95604c/temp.txt
Sun Jul 19 12:50:25 IDT 2020
Sun Jul 19 12:50:35 IDT 2020
Sun Jul 19 12:50:45 IDT 2020

SELinux support

When installing the Weka CSI Plugin on the SELinux-enabled Kubernetes cluster, pods might be denied access to the persistent volumes provisioned on top of the Weka filesystem. The reason is a lack of permissions for containers to access objects stored on the Weka cluster.
A custom SELinux policy is provided with all the necessary security configurations to enable pod access to WekaFS-based persistent volumes. Apply the customized SELinux policy on each Kubernetes worker node that is intended to serve the WekaFS-based persistent volumes.
The provided policy allows processes with container_t seclabel to access objects having a wekafs_t label, which is set for all files and directories of mounted CSI volumes.
The policy is provided both as a Type Enforcement file (csi-wekafs.te) and a Precompiled Policy package (csi-wekafs.pp), found in https://github.com/weka/csi-wekafs/tree/master/selinux.
To use the Weka CSI Plugin with SELinux enforcement, perform the following:
  1. 1.
    Distribute the SELinux policy package to all Kubernetes nodes using one of the following options:
    • Clone Weka CSI Plugin Github repository:
      git clone https://github.com/weka/csi-wekafs.git
    • Copy the content of selinux directory directly to Kubernetes nodes
  2. 2.
    Apply the policy package directly:
    $ semodule -i csi-wekafs.pp
    Verify that the policy is applied correctly:
    $ getsebool -a | grep wekafs
    container_use_wekafs --> off
    If the output matches mentioned above, skip to step 4. Otherwise, proceed to step 3 to build the policy from the sources.
  3. 3.
    In certain circumstances, the pre-compiled policy installation could fail. For example, in a different Kernel version or Linux distribution. In this case, build the policy and install it from the source using the following steps:
    $ checkmodule -M -m -o csi-wekafs.mod csi-wekafs.te
    $ semodule_package -o csi-wekafs.pp -m csi-wekafs.mod
    $ make -f /usr/share/selinux/devel/Makefile csi-wekafs.pp
    $ semodule -i csi-wekafs.pp
    NOTE: For this purpose, the policycoreutils-devel package (or its alternative in case of Linux distribution different from the RedHat family) is required.
    Verify that the policy is applied correctly:
    $ getsebool -a | grep wekafs
    container_use_wekafs --> off
  4. 4.
    The policy provides a boolean setting that allows on-demand enablement of relevant permissions. To enable WekaFS CSI volumes access from pods, run the command:
    $ setsebool container_use_wekafs=on
    To disable access, perform the command:
    $ setsebool container_use_wekafs=off
    The configuration changes are applied immediately.

Install and configure the Weka CSI Plugin

  1. 1.
    To label volumes correctly, install the Weka CSI Plugin in an SELinux-compatible mode. To do that, set the selinuxSupport value to "enforced" or "mixed” by editing the file values.yaml or passing the parameter directly in the helm installation command.
Example:
$ helm install --upgrade csi-wekafsplugin csi-wekafs/csi-wekafsplugin --namespace csi-wekafsplugin --create-namespace --set selinuxSupport=enforced
Follow these considerations:
  • Weka CSI pluging supports both the enforced and mixed modes of selinuxSupport. The installation depends on the following mode settings:
    • When selinuxSupport is set to enforced, only SELinux-enabled CSI plugin node components are installed.
    • When selinuxSupport is set to mixed, both non-SELinux and SELinux-enabled components are installed.
    • When selinuxSupport is set to off, only non-SELinux CSI plugin node components are installed.
  • The SELinux status cannot be known from within the CSI plugin pod. Therefore, a way of distinguishing between SELinux-enabled and non-SELinux nodes is required. Weka CSI plugin relies on the node affinity mechanism by matching the value of a certain node label, in a mutually exclusive way. That is, only when the label exists and is set to "true", an SELinux-enabled node component will start on that node, otherwise non-SELinux node component will start.
    To ensure that the plugin starts in compatibility mode, set the following label on each SELinux-enabled Kubernetes node:
csi.weka.io/selinux_enabled="true"
  • If another label stating SELinux support is already maintained on nodes, you can modify the expected label name in the selinuxNodeLabel parameter by editing the file values.yaml or by setting it directly during the Weka CSI Plugin installation.
    Example:
$ helm install --upgrade csi-wekafsplugin csi-wekafs/csi-wekafsplugin --namespace csi-wekafsplugin --create-namespace --set selinuxSupport=mixed --set selinuxNodeLabel="selinux_enabled"
  • If a node label is modified after installing the Weka CSI Plugin node component on that node, terminate the csi-wekafs-node-XXXX component on the affected node. As a result, a replacement pod is automatically scheduled on the node but with the correct SELinux configuration.

Test the Weka CSI plugin operation

  1. 1.
    Make sure you have configured a valid CSI API secret. Create a valid Weka CSI Plugin storageClass.
  2. 2.
  3. 3.
    Provision a DaemonSet, to enable access of all pods on all nodes.
  4. 4.
    Monitor the pod logs using the following command (expect no printing in the log files):
    $ kubectl logs -f -lapp=csi-daemonset-app-on-dir-api
    If the command returns a repeating message like the following one, it is most likely that the node on which the relevant pod is running is misconfigured:
    /bin/sh: can't create /data/csi-wekafs-test-api-gldmk.txt: Permission denied
  5. 5.
    Obtain the node name from the pod:
    $ kubectl get pod csi-wekafs-test-api-gldmk -o wide
    NAME READY STATUS RESTARTS AGE IP NODE NOMINATED NODE READINESS GATES
    csi-wekafs-test-api-gldmk 1/1 Running 0 98m 10.244.15.2 don-kube-8 <none> <none>
  6. 6.
    Connect to the relevant node and check if the Weka CSI SELinux policy is installed and enabled:
    $ getsebool -a | grep wekafs
    container_use_wekafs --> on
    • If the result matches the example, proceed to the next step.
    • If no result, the policy is not installed. Perform the Install a custom SELinux policy procedure.
    • If the policy is off, enable it and check the pod output again by running:
      $ setsebool container_use_wekafs=on
  7. 7.
    Check if the node is labeled with plugin is operating in SELinux-compatible mode by running the following command:
    $ kubectl describe node don-kube-8 | grep csi.weka.io/selinux_enabled
    csi.weka.io/selinux_enabled=true
    • If the output is empty, proceed to Install and configure the Weka CSI Plugin.
      NOTE: If the label was missing and added by you during troubleshooting, the CSI node server component must be restarted on the node. Perform the following command to terminate the relevant pod and another instance will start automatically:
      $ POD=$(kubectl get pod -n csi-wekafs -lcomponent=csi-wekafs-node -o wide | grep -w don-kube-8 | cut -d" " -f1)
      $ kubectl delete pod -n csi-wekafs $POD
    • If the output matches example, proceed to next step
  8. 8.
    Collect CSI node server logs from the matching Kubernetes nodes and contact Weka Customer Success Team:
    $ POD=$(kubectl get pod -n csi-wekafs -lcomponent=csi-wekafs-node -o wide | grep -w don-kube-8 | cut -d" " -f1)
    $ kubectl logs -n csi-wekafs -c wekafs $POD > log.txt

Upgrade legacy persistent volumes for capacity enforcement

Bind legacy volumes to API

Capacity enforcement and integration with WekaFS directory quotas require several prerequisites:
  1. 1.
    Weka CSI plugin version 0.7.0 and up
  2. 2.
    WekaFS software version v3.13.0 and up
  3. 3.
    Weka CSI plugin ability to communicate with WekaFS using REST API, and correlate between a certain persistent volume and the WekaFS cluster serving this volume.
In the API-Based communication model, Kubernetes StorageClass refers to a secret that describes all the required parameters for API calls to the Weka cluster. However, this is not the situation in the legacy communication model, where the storage class doesn't specify the API credentials.
Kubernetes does not allow modification of StorageClass parameters, hence every volume created with the legacy-model storage class will never report its credentials.
Weka CSI Plugin 0.7.0 provides a special configuration mode in which legacy volumes can be bound to a single secret, in turn referring to a single WekaFS cluster API connection parameters. In this configuration mode, every request to serve (create, delete, expand...) a legacy Persistent Volume (or Persistent Volume Claim) that originates from a Legacy Storage Class (without reference to an API secret) will be communicated to that cluster.
Note: Volumes provisioned by the CSI Plugin of version 0.7.0 in the API-Based communication model, but on older versions of the Weka cluster (below version 3.13.0), are still provisioned in legacy mode.
However, since the storage class already contains the secret reference, specifying the legacyVolumeSecretName parameter is unnecessary, and you can safely skip to the next chapter.
This configuration can be applied following these two steps:
  1. 1.
    Create a Kubernetes secret that describes the API communication parameters for legacy volumes.
    1. 1.
      The format of the secret is identical to the secret defined in the API-Based Communication Model section
    2. 2.
      This secret must be located in the same Kubernetes namespace of the Weka CSI Plugin
  2. 2.
    Set the legacyVolumeSecretName parameter to match the name of secret above during plugin upgrade or installation
    This can be done by directly modifying the values.yaml or by explicitly setting the parameter during the Helm upgrade:
helm upgrade csi-wekafs --namespace csi-wekafs csi-wekafs/csi-wekafsplugin \
--set legacyVolumeSecretName="csi-wekafs-api-secret"
Note: The Kubernetes secret must be created before executing the helm upgrade. Otherwise, the CSI Plugin components will remain in a Pending state after the upgrade.

Upgrade legacy volumes

Once the volume to API binding configuration described in the previous section is performed, the volumes may be migrated by binding a new WekaFS directory quota object to an existing persistent volume.
Weka provides a migration script that automates the process.
Note: This procedure must be performed only once, and can be performed from any Linux host that is connected to the same WekaFS cluster. Additional runs of the script will migrate only those volumes that were created in legacy mode after the migration process. It is safe to execute the migration script multiple times, although usually this should not be required.
Note: The migration process might take significant time to complete and depends on a number of persistent volumes and their actual capacity. The migration process is performed transparently and does not require downtime.
Check out the csi-wekafs repository from any host that is connected to WekaFS cluster:
git clone https://github.com/weka/csi-wekafs.git
Execute the migration script by issuing the following command, where <filesystem_name> states the filesystem name on which the CSI volumes are located, and optional <csi_volumes_dir> parameter states the directory inside the filesystem where CSI volumes are stored (only if the directory differs from default values)
$ sudo migration/migrate-legacy-csi-volumes.sh <filesystem_name> [--csi-volumes-dir <csi_volumes_dir>] [--endpoint-address BACKEND_IP_ADDRESS:BACKEND_PORT]
Note: On a stateless client, the --endpoint-address must be specified in order to successfully mount a filesystem, while on a host which is part of the Weka cluster (either client or backend) this is not necessary.
Note: If multiple filesystems are used, the script must be executed for each filesystem
For example:
$ ./migrate-legacy-csi-volumes.sh default
Weka CSI Volume migration utility. Copyright 2021 Weka
[2021-11-04 14:33:04] NOTICE Initializing volume migration for filesystem default
[2021-11-04 14:33:04] NOTICE Successfully mounted filesystem default
[2021-11-04 14:33:04] NOTICE Starting Persistent Volume migration
[2021-11-04 14:33:04] INFO Processing directory 'pvc-e5379b17-4612-4fa3-aa57-64d5b37d7f57-1025f14ca92d2e18dd92a05efadf15a4972675f0'
[2021-11-04 14:33:04] INFO Creating quota of 1073741824 bytes for directory pvc-e5379b17-4612-4fa3-aa57-64d5b37d7f57-1025f14ca92d2e18dd92a05efadf15a4972675f0
[2021-11-04 14:33:05] INFO Quota was successfully set for directory pvc-e5379b17-4612-4fa3-aa57-64d5b37d7f57-1025f14ca92d2e18dd92a05efadf15a4972675f0
[2021-11-04 14:33:05] NOTICE Migration process complete!
[2021-11-04 14:33:05] NOTICE 1 directories migrated successfully
[2021-11-04 14:33:05] NOTICE 0 directories skipped
Note: The migration script requires several dependencies, which must be installed in advance: jq, xattr, getfattr, setfattr
Refer to the specific OS package management documentation to install the necessary packages.

Troubleshooting

Useful commands

Here are some useful basic commands to check the status and debug the service:
# get all resources
kubectl get all --all-namespaces
# get all pods
kubectl get pods --all-namespaces -o wide
# get all k8s nodes
kubectl get nodes
# get storage classes
$ kubectl get sc
# get persistent volume claims
$ kubectl get pvc
# get persistent volumes
$ kubectl get pv
# kubectl describe pod/<pod-name> -n <namespace>
kubectl describe pod/csi-wekafsplugin-dvdh2 -n csi-wekafsplugin
# get logs from a pod
kubectl logs <pod name> <container name>
# get logs from the weka csi plugin
# container (-c) can be one of: [node-driver-registrar wekafs liveness-probe csi-provisioner csi-attacher csi-resizer]
kubectl logs pods/csi-wekafsplugin-<ID> --namespace csi-wekafsplugin -c wekafs

Known issues

Mixed hugepages size issue

Due to a Kubernetes v1.18 issue with allocating mixed hugepages sizes (https://github.com/kubernetes/kubernetes/pull/80831) is required that the Weka system will not try to allocate mixed sizes of hugepages on the Kubernetes nodes.
To workaround the Kubernetes issue (required only if the default memory for the client has been increased):
  • If the Weka client is installed on the K8s nodes via a manual stateless client mount, set the reserve_1g_hugepages mount option to false in the mount command.
  • If this is a Weka server or a Weka client, which is part of the Weka cluster, contact the Weka customer support team.
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Outline
Interoperability
Prerequisites
Capabilities
Deployment
Installation
Upgrade
CSI plugin and WekaFS cluster software upgrade
Storage class configuration
Legacy communication model
API-based communication model
Provision usage
Dynamic provisioning
Static provisioning
Launch an application using Weka as the POD's storage
SELinux support
Install a custom SELinux policy
Install and configure the Weka CSI Plugin
Test the Weka CSI plugin operation
Upgrade legacy persistent volumes for capacity enforcement
Bind legacy volumes to API
Upgrade legacy volumes
Troubleshooting
Useful commands
Known issues